Kwanzaa – December 26: History, Activities, Facts & Quotes

Kwanzaa, celebrated annually from December 26th to January 1st, is a vibrant and culturally significant holiday for many African Americans. But what exactly is Kwanzaa and why is it celebrated?

In the 1960s, Dr. Maulana Karenga introduced Kwanzaa as a way to honor African heritage in the African-American community. Rooted in ancient African traditions, Kwanzaa is a Swahili word that means “first fruits of the harvest.”

Central to Kwanzaa are its seven principles, known as the Nguzo Saba. These principles guide the week-long celebration and include values like Umoja (unity), Kujichagulia (self-determination), and Ujamaa (cooperative economics).

The Rich History of Kwanzaa

Dr. Maulana Karenga, the founder of Kwanzaa, introduced this cultural celebration in 1966 to help strengthen the African-American community. Inspired by various African harvest festivals, he blended traditions from cultures like the Ashanti and Zulu to create Kwanzaa.

The word “Kwanzaa” is derived from Swahili, a language spoken widely across Africa, meaning “first fruits”. By using Swahili, Dr. Karenga wanted to emphasize unity among Africans and Black communities.

Historically, many African civilizations, including ancient Egypt and Nubia, celebrated harvests with similar first-fruits ceremonies. Kwanzaa continues this tradition in a modern context, bringing together various African influences, and is observed by many Africans and African Americans across the U.S.

During Kwanzaa, families gather for festivities that might include music, dance, stories, poems, and special meals. Over seven nights, a child lights candles on a special holder called a kinara, and each night focuses on one of the seven core principles, known as Nguzo Saba, promoting values that strengthen the African-American community.

How to Observe Kwanzaa 

Umoja (Unity):

Kwanzaa begins with setting up the symbolic table (Mkeka) with the seven principles at its core. You can discuss the meaning of Umoja (unity) daily, highlighting examples of togetherness in family, community, and history.

Kuumba (Creativity):

Encourage artistic expression! This could involve creating Kwanzaa crafts, listening to music, telling stories, or cooking traditional dishes.

Ujimaa (Collective Work and Responsibility):

Participate in volunteer activities or support Black-owned businesses. Organize a community service project together.

Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics):

Share resources with loved ones and support Black-owned businesses. Discuss ways to build cooperative economic structures within your community.

Nia (Purpose):

Reflect on your goals and aspirations. Explore African history and culture to find inspiration and connect with your heritage.

Kuumba (Creativity):

Continue expressing yourself creatively! Learn a new skill, share your talents with others, and embrace the beauty of creation.

Imani (Faith):

Celebrate your faith and inner strength. Reflect on past challenges and express hope for the future.

KWANZAA Symbols and Traditions


Light the seven candles on the Kinara daily, discussing the corresponding principle for that day. Each candle color holds a specific meaning: three green for hope, three red for struggle, and one black in the center for unity.


This woven mat represents the foundation of African culture and community. Display your symbols on the Mkeka during Kwanzaa.

Mazao (Swahili for “fruits”):

Display a variety of fruits on the Mkeka, symbolizing harvest and abundance. These can be shared within the family or used in traditional recipes.

Mishumaa (Candles):

As mentioned, light the seven candles on the Kinara daily, one for each principle.

Zawadi (Gifts):

Traditionally, educational and cultural gifts are given to children on the last day of Kwanzaa (January 1st). These gifts should promote self-knowledge and connection to heritage.

5 Amazing Facts About KWANZAA

  • Kwanzaa is celebrated for seven days, each representing a different principle.
  • The colors of Kwanzaa—red, black, and green—symbolize unity, freedom, and the lush African landscape.
  • The holiday’s name is derived from the Swahili phrase “matunda ya kwanza,” which means “first fruits.”
  • Gifts given during Kwanzaa are often handmade to reflect creativity and community.
  • Kwanzaa has inspired celebrations and festivals around the world, fostering unity and cultural appreciation.

Kwanzaa Quotes, Wishes, and Messages

“Unity is strength, division is weakness.” – Kwanzaa Proverb

“Celebrate your roots, embrace your heritage.”

“The best way to predict the future is to create it.”

“Harvest your dreams with determination.”

“Kwanzaa reminds us to cherish our past and embrace our future.”

“Family, community, and culture – the pillars of Kwanzaa.”

“Let the light of Kwanzaa shine in your heart.”

“Together, we are stronger.”

“Celebrate the richness of African heritage.”

“Peace, love, and unity – the essence of Kwanzaa.”

Kwanzaa Dates 

Since its inception, Kwanzaa has been observed with enthusiasm and reverence. The dates remain consistent, starting on December 26th and culminating on January 1st each year.

2023December 26Tuesday
2024December 26Thursday
2025December 26Friday
2026December 26Saturday
2027December 26Sunday

The Importance of Unity in Kwanzaa

Unity, or Umoja in Kiswahili, stands as the foundation and cornerstone of Kwanzaa. It’s not just the first principle among the Nguzo Saba; it’s the essential glue that binds all the others together. Here’s why Umoja is so important:

1. The Root of Community:

Kwanzaa emphasizes the family as a core unit, but Umoja extends that notion to encompass the broader community, race, and humanity as a whole. It reminds us that we are stronger, more resilient, and more successful when we work together in solidarity and cooperation.

2. Building Bridges, Not Walls:

Umoja encourages active efforts to overcome differences and bridge the gaps between individuals, families, and cultures. It emphasizes understanding, respect, and mutual support, promoting harmony and collaboration rather than division and isolation.

3. Strength in Numbers:

Just as a single strand of grass is fragile, but a bundle is strong, Umoja reminds us that our collective power lies in working together for common goals. Whether it’s tackling social injustice, building economic prosperity, or simply enriching our cultural heritage, unity amplifies our voices and actions.

4. Shared Responsibility:

Umoja recognizes that we are all interconnected and have a shared responsibility for the well-being of each other and our communities. It calls for active participation, not passive observation, in building a better world for all.

5. A Legacy of Strength:

Kwanzaa itself was born out of a struggle for unity and self-determination within the African American community. Umoja honors that legacy by inspiring us to continue working towards justice, equality, and liberation for all.


What is Kwanzaa?

Kwanzaa is a week-long celebration honoring African heritage and culture, observed from December 26th to January 1st.

When is Kwanzaa?

Kwanzaa begins on December 26th and concludes on January 1st each year.


As we reflect on Kwanzaa, it serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of unity, culture, and community. Through its principles and traditions, Kwanzaa encourages us to embrace our heritage, celebrate our shared values, and foster unity and understanding in our communities.

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